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Cortisone Symptoms – Causes of Cortisone Disease

Cortisone Symptoms – Causes of Cortisone Disease

What is cortisone?

Cortisone is a hormone secreted by the adrenal glands in the body. This hormone suppresses the immune system and reduces inflammation.
Cortisone drugs are drugs with chemical properties similar to cortisone hormone. The effects of these drugs are very similar to the effects of cortisone hormone. Cortisone drugs can be used for many different purposes, especially to reduce inflammation in the body.


What Is Cortisone Used For?

Cortisone medications can come in different forms. There are different options such as cortisone injections and cortisone pills for the treatment of different diseases.

Cortisone medications are often used to reduce inflammation and suppress the immune system response. In addition, cortisone drugs can be given to patients as replacement therapy in case of deficiency of some hormones.

The diseases in which cortisone pills are used in the treatment are as follows:

· Adrenal Insufficiency: Adrenal glands or adrenal glands; It is responsible for the synthesis of cortisol, aldosterone and androgen hormones. These hormones cannot be produced sufficiently in adrenal insufficiency. Addison’s disease is an example of a condition that causes adrenal insufficiency. Patients with adrenal insufficiency may experience many symptoms such as fatigue, loss of appetite, darkening of the skin color (hyperpigmentation), low blood pressure and low blood sugar. These patients are given cortisone as hormone replacement therapy, that is, to replace the hormones that cannot be produced adequately.

· Arthritis (Joint Inflammation): Arthritis; It causes problems such as swelling, redness, pain and limitation in joint movements in the joints. The type of joint inflammation known as osteoarthritis is popularly known as ‘calcification’ and usually occurs due to aging. Rheumatoid arthritis, on the other hand, is a condition in which the immune system is over-activated and damages the joints. Cortisone therapy can be initiated in patients with arthritis to reduce the inflammation in the joints and to stop the progression of the disease.

· Allergic Disorders: In diseases such as pollen and house dust allergies, the immune system is extremely sensitive to the allergic substance. An inflammatory response occurs in the body as a result of the allergic substance entering the body through respiration or other means. This response reveals the common symptoms of allergic diseases such as runny nose and watery eyes. Inflammation in the body can be reduced by using cortisone in the treatment of allergic diseases.

· Asthma: Asthma is a disease that progresses with attacks that cause breathing difficulties as a result of exposure to some allergic or irritant triggers. In the treatment of asthma, cortisone suppresses the excessive mucus formation that causes narrowing of the airways and helps the patient to breathe more easily. Cortisone is a commonly preferred drug in the long-term treatment of asthma.

Ulcerative Colitis: Ulcerative colitis; It is an inflammatory bowel disease that causes symptoms such as bloody diarrhea and abdominal pain. In the treatment of this disease, cortisone is used to reduce inflammation in the intestine.

· Anemia: Cortisone may be preferred in the treatment of some rare types of anemia (anemia).

· Lupus: Lupus is an autoimmune disease in which a person’s immune system attacks his own tissues and organs. Damage caused by the immune system can be seen in almost every organ in lupus. Cortisone can be used to reduce inflammation in the body in this disease. Long-term high-dose cortisone therapy can be used in patients with lupus with brain and kidney damage.

· Some Skin Diseases: Psoriasis is a skin condition caused by the immune system to regenerate the skin faster. Red, itchy scaly lesions can be seen on the skin in psoriasis. Cortisone can be used in the treatment of the disease.

Cortisone injection helps reduce inflammation in a particular area of ​​the body. For example, cortisone injection applied to the inflamed knee joint; It reduces joint swelling, relieves pain and improves joint motion.

Cortisone injection may also contain a low dose of local anesthetic (local anesthetic). In this way, the relief in the injection area is greater.

Cortisone injection; It can be used in the treatment of back pain, gout, tendonitis and many types of arthritis.

What Are the Side Effects of Cortisone?

Cortisone has many side effects. Some of these side effects are mild, while others can cause serious problems. The higher the dose of cortisone used in the treatment and the longer the treatment period, the higher the risk of side effects in the patient.

Common side effects of cortisone:

Inability to sit still, enthusiasm in movements
· Headache
Confusion of consciousness
Nausea, vomiting
Skin thinning, redness, acne formation
Increased sweating
Fattening
It can be listed as difficulty falling asleep.

Serious side effects of cortisone are:

· Allergic reaction: Symptoms such as skin rash, itching and swelling of the face, lips and tongue may develop due to an allergic reaction.

Fluid and electrolyte imbalances: Fluid retention and edema can be seen in the body. Heart failure may develop. Symptoms of heart failure include shortness of breath, swelling in the arms and legs, and increased heart rate. Cortisone can also cause high blood pressure.

· Muscle and Bone Problems: Cortisone can cause muscle weakness and tendon rupture. Bone resorption and fractures of the spine bones are also serious side effects of cortisone.

Stomach Disorders: Abdominal pain due to peptic ulcer formation and black stool (feces) can be seen in patients using cortisone.

Eye Problems: Cortisone can increase intraocular pressure. It can cause problems such as blurry or double vision.

Growth Retardation in Children: The use of cortisone in childhood may suppress growth and development.

· Convulsion (Contraction): It is a serious side effect that can be seen due to cortisone.

What Should Be Considered When Using Cortisone?

Some drug interactions may occur when cortisone drugs are used together with other drugs. In order to avoid this situation, if other drugs will be used in addition to cortisone, it should be used under the supervision of a doctor. While using cortisone, new drugs should not be started without consulting a doctor.

People receiving cortisone therapy should not have a live vaccine. In these vaccines, in order to trigger the immune response in the body, the microorganism causing the disease is put into the vaccine as a weakened but alive. Examples of live vaccines are BCG (tuberculosis), chickenpox, MMR (Measles-Rubella-Mumps) and oral polio vaccine. The immune system is suppressed in people receiving cortisone treatment. Therefore, live vaccines can cause infections in these people.

Since cortisone will raise blood pressure, blood pressure patients should be careful when using this drug.

Cortisone has a blood sugar-raising effect. Diabetic patients should be careful while using this medicine and check their blood sugar more frequently during the day.

The use of cortisone increases the risk of eye infections. People who already have eye-related health problems should consult their doctor before starting cortisone treatment.

Liver and kidney patients, psychiatric patients, and people with seizures should not use cortisone without the knowledge of the doctor.

The use of cortisone in pregnant and breastfeeding women is decided by considering the benefit of the patient and possible side effects together. If the doctor decides that the benefit of cortisone therapy outweighs the possible risks, he or she may prescribe the drug.

Nutrition is also an issue to be considered during cortisone treatment. Since cortisone can retain water and salt in the body, the person may need to limit the amount of salt the person takes. Cortisone also has a weight-gaining effect. For this reason, it is beneficial for those who use cortisone medication not to exceed the daily calorie requirement.

Cortisone is a drug used in the treatment of many different diseases. Although cortisone medications have side effects, the benefit they provide is critical to a person’s health. During cortisone treatment, it is helpful to be in constant contact with your doctor, to carefully follow the doses you need to use, and to inform your doctor about the side effects of the drug in your body.





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